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CYPRUS

Cyprus is a European island nation located at the north-eastern part of the Mediterranean.

Some call it the jewel “of the Mediterranean, not only because it is the legendary birthplace of Aphrodite, but because it is a magical island combines the rich archaeological cultural heritage with great natural beauty and a hospitable population.

Cyprus is blessed with pristine beaches blue water, pine-scented forests and an excellent climate. It is the state with the most sunshine in Europe (with more than 300 sunny days a year) and due to its very low percentage of industrialization of Cyprus has been crowned as the most environmentally healthy country in the world.

Cyprus is in fact the little sister of Greece, since its language is Greek as well as its culture, mentality, food and affinity – are Greek. Cyprus offers visitors various options for vacation – from a fun summer vacation in one of the clubs scattered throughout the island basking on the beach under the sun to traveling around the island between beautiful landscapes in the mountainous area or along the coast. The cities of Cyprus have nice facilities – both Nicosia, the capital, which is divided between the Greek and Turkish part, Larnaca, tourist ships to come and Limassol, which is the second largest city on the island.

lOCATION

CURRENCY AND EXPENSES

Average cost for a day of traveling:
backpackers: 45 Euro
average travelers: 75 Euro
high class travelers: 130 Euro


Currency is the Euro.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Paphos Forest – the largest forest, composed of Brutia pine and golden oak. The center of the growing forest trees and impressive heights that old age is more than 100 years.

Limassol – the city is the country’s second largest island and is located in the Gulf of Akrotiri. This is a tourist town with beautiful beaches, a lively promenade with a selection of tavernas, and a variety of entertainment venues. The commercial sector has the most important wineries in Limassol, since most of the wineries are located in the city. It is worth visiting the Museum of Folk Art and ancient Roman Btiatrn. The attractive Citadel Colussi is located outside the city. It is possible to visit the entire area of the castle.

The Troodos Mountains – the famous Troodos Mountains are near the city of Limassol. There are mountain range tracks for SUVs, walking, bicycles and buses. Mountains are named after the village near Troodos mountain. The highest peak is Mount Olympus. The diverse vegetation on the mountains includes trees, such as pine and oak, as well as olives, almonds, citrus and grapes, which produce about 200 types of wine. There are also wild sheep in the forest, which are considered a protected species. In the northwest Troodos Mountains is the Kikos Monastery, also called the Holy Virgin Monastery, which was built in 1100. It is the largest and richest monastery in Cyprus, boasting frescoes and mosaics from the Byzantine period.

Larnaca – is a modern port city that offers a variety of attractions, including churches and mosques. You should also visit the old town and fishing port and watch the fishermen as they work. Remains of the ancient village of Choirokoitia, which housed the first Htosbhim of Cyprus, is a half hour drive from the city. This is the most important archaeological site in Cyprus. In addition, close to the airport there is a white salt lake, which in winter is home to flamingo flocks and migratory birds.

Ayia Napa – is a resort town situated in the southeastern part of Cyprus. The town has become extremely popular among young people thanks to the beautiful beaches, nightlife, and cheap entertainment. The town has a variety of pubs and nightclubs, as well as a variety of watersports during the day. You should also visit the town’s maritime museum, the first of its kind in Cyprus, which features a reconstruction of the sea bed with fossils of oysters and corals, aquatic plants and more. Another attraction is the Water World Water Park. Near the town is another resort town named Frotaras that also has excellent beaches.

Northern Cyprus has many historical sites such as the remains of fortresses, as well as small villages and pleasant beaches.

VISA

If you are traveling to the Republic of Cyprus for reasons other than immigration, and your visit does not exceed three months, you might need a travel visa.

ACCOMMODATION

5 star hotels – [$250-350 per night]

4 star hotels – [$100-200 per night] particularly large selection can be found in more touristy areas like Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Tiberias, Eilat and Nazareth

3 star hotels – [$50-80 per night] very small selection

hostels – [$10-18 per bed] in major cities and special locations

Airbnb – as always a very good option

There are a variety of hotels in Cyprus, various ratings, from small and cozy inns to luxury hotels located in different cities on the island. Prices are relatively cheap European prices.

Luxury hotels in Cyprus offer spacious, well-equipped, very luxurious spas, beaches, private pools, many attractions in the hotel itself and sometimes even a casino.

If you seek  a more authentic experience, check out the boutique hotels located in the Troodos mountain range

GOOD LONG TRAIL

Troodos National Forest Park – the Troodos Mountains, due to their altitude, are covered in snow during winter. It is a popular resort for skiers during the skiing months. Tourists and locals alike visit the mountains during the summer to take a break from the searing summer heat down at sea level. Walk through the forests on one of the nature trails and take in the wonderful scents and scenery and enjoy looking at the waterfalls and surrounding views.

CYPRUS Traditional Sea Fishing Shelter

BE AWARE OF

A border crossing between the two countries: Cyprus is involved in a conflict between the southern state (Republic of Cyprus) and the northern state (Northern Cyprus). There is tension between the two countries on a regular basis. Most of the classic tourist sites are concentrated in the southern part of the island, the Republic of Cyprus. It is therefore recommended not to switch between the two countries, although officially there is no problem.

Driving: on the left side of the road, similar to England

Getting around - transportation

The public transport system in Cyprus is not particularly well developed. There are convenient bus routes and cheap workers frequently between the main cities, but in rural areas and on Sundays. Most public transport relies on taxis. Cyprus does not have a rail system. 

A convenient way to travel the island is by car. Rental companies are found in all major towns and cities. There are highways connecting the major cities on the island (Nicosia, Ayia Napa, Larnaca, Limassol, Paphos). Driving is on the left side of the road, and the road trip is free.

ME index for food costs

WEATHER

Summer: (mid-May to mid-October) has the highest average temperatures –  30 degrees Celsius along the coast, and even higher inland.

Spring: March is still chilly with an average temperature of 19 0C day and 90C at night. This is a wonderful time to visit Cyprus since the entire island is enveloped in a colorful and fragrant carpet, which peaks from April to mid-May.

Fall: Towards the end of October, the evenings grow cooler. The climate is still pleasant for outdoor touring, and the water temperature is still comfortable for swimming.

Winter: The winter months from December to January are pleasant with relatively little rain. Even in the winter it is possible to wander the streets and enjoy the sun on your face.  The Troodos Mountains covered in snow, welcoming winter sports enthusiasts.

Cyprus Ayios Georgios Paralimni Church

WHAT TO TAKE

Beach bag (waterproof and with the possibility of locking)

Sunglasses and a hat

A good book – but if you’re not into books, good music

COMMUNICATION

WiFi: free everywhere: airport, restaurants and public areas.
International prefix: +357
SIM card – You can find SIM cards in any convenience store or supermarket.
Telephone service –  in every hotel.